The Arab Association for Human Rights (HRA) is an independent, grassroots, non-governmental organization (NGO) registered in Israel. It is one of the longest operating human rights organizations in Israel. The HRA works to promote and protect the political, civil, economic, and cultural rights of the Palestinian Arab minority in Israel from an international human rights perspective.
2011 was a challenging and important year for the HRA and the Palestinian minority in Israel. The political environment in Israel continued to promote intolerance and discrimination at an accelerated rate, articulated by an alarming spate of legislation targeting the Palestinian minority on nearly every front of daily life. These laws threaten to exclude and remove Arab citizens from their land; condition their fundamental right to citizenship; inhibit the political participation of Arab citizens through their elected representatives. They also impede the ability of these representatives to advocate for their constituents; criminalize political expression or acts that question the Jewish nature of the state; and prioritize Jewish citizens in the allocation of state resources. It is significant that some of this legislation appears to be specifically designed to dismiss, circumvent or overturn Supreme Court decisions that specifically defend these rights.